The Law Office of Kurt H King

May 22, 2013

The General Rule on Maintenance in Missouri

Filed under: Divorce,Family Law,Litigation,Support — kurthking @ 9:38 pm
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The recent May 7, 2013, opinion ED98727 out of the Eastern District of the Missouri Court of Appeals in In re the Marriage of John P. McMillian and Susan I. McMillian, follows established Missouri law on  how maintenance (formerly called alimony) is to be awarded by Missouri courts in divorce cases.

Here the husband enjoyed a substantial income while the wife’s income had diminished with no real signs of improvement in the future.  Not having settled the issue of maintenance, the parties tried the case to the court in a bench trial.  The trial judge awarded maintenance but limited it to three years and declared it to be non-modifiable.

The Eastern District reversed as it found no or insufficient proof that the wife’s income would increase by three years time.  Accordingly, the court of appeals ordered that such maintenance shall be paid indefinitely but that the maintenance shall be modifiable so that the husband may move to modify the maintenance award should the financial circumstances of the parties change significantly in the future.

This case illustrates Missouri case law holding that to limit the duration of maintenance there must be adequate proof that the financial situation of the parties will definitely change at a certain point in the future.   Lacking such proof, trial courts are not to set a time limit, unless the parties agree on one.

So if you want to limit the time that you will have to pay maintenance, try to reach an agreement which may well mean that you will have to sweeten the pot by offering your spouse more maintenance than the judge may order so that he/she will agree to a cut-off date.  This is a dangerous issue to take to trial so try to settle it.


Kurt H. King

Law Office of Kurt H. King, 20 E. Franklin, Liberty, Clay County, Missouri 64068


Family Law–Divorce, Modifications, Child Custody, Support & Visitation, Paternity

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